types of classroom management approaches

A danger here is that students frequently have lower motivation to achieve, as the teacher seems more friend than instructor. If I disrupt the class, I will get everyone's attention. If I procrastinate, pretend I have a disability, or don't do my work correctly, everyone will just back off and leave me alone. A teacher in this type of learning environment seems disconnected and has basically no control over the classroom. It is up to the teacher to decide which is motivating the student and to respond appropriately and immediately. Cooperative discipline was developed by Linda Albert and Rudolf Dreikurs, and uses the theories of Alfred Alder, who created classic Alderian psychology. Which of the four goals is driving Sam's behavior? The basic premise of this model is that students misbehave to achieve one or all of four goals: attention, power, revenge, or avoidance of failure. It has no room for negatively disruptive behavior, bullying, or ostracizing of other students. A Multidimensional Approach to Classroom Management Effective classroom management is tied to the quality of educational experiences in which students engage as well as the teacher’s skill in organizing the class struc- ture to facilitate efficient teaching and learning. He should clearly remind them of rule number five. The purpose is to make the misbehaving student feel they are valuable members of the classroom. More than a set of strategies or practices, CRCM is a pedagogical approach that guides the management decisions that teachers make. The four styles are: Authoritarian: An authoritarian teacher sets strict rules and high expectations. Think Obi-Wan from Star Wars or Morpheus from the Matrix- a firm yet tender approach to learning. Encouragement techniques are not time-consuming for the teacher, and they are easy to learn and practice. We strive to empower instructors by helping them develop a deep understanding of how students learn, so that they can effectively apply and adapt teaching strategies to meet their own goals and their … The first classroom management approach that we will look at is “Love and Logic” which was developed by Charles Fay, a Ph.D student, Jim Fay, an educational expert, and Foster Cline, a child psychiatrist. Photoshop vs Illustrator: Which Work Best for You. The role of the teacher here is to create and maintain disciplinary situations in the classroom. The following three conditions are integral to effective classroom management. Lee Canter's background in social work (he holds a master's in social work) led him to a focus on classroom management. A collection of articles on classroom approaches and issues face in all schools, whether public schools, private schools, homeschools, or online schools. Teachers manage the classroom by foreseeing and preventing problems, facilitating appropriate behaviors and addressing problem behaviors as necessary. Cooperative discipline seeks to reach collaboration with students. Jake has been using assertive discipline in his classroom for about two months. … Making noise, using obscenities, not listening to the teacher, will all get me the attention I want from my peers and the teacher. He has not been finishing his work, complaining that he can't see the paper or the board. Jake should point out that he understands they are pumped up after practice and that it is hard to take it down a notch, however, they are disrupting the learning of their fellow students. Whenever a student chooses to behave appropriately, I will immediately recognize and reinforce that behavior. While consulting for many school systems throughout the United States, the Canters found that the majority of teachers were having difficulty controlling bad behavior in their classrooms. Acknowledge the difficulty of the task, and remind them of past success. Mrs. Jones should first acknowledge he may have a vision problem and alert his parents of this complaint so they can ensure this is not, indeed an issue. Assertive discipline is very structured and systematic. In this approach teachers provide students with the concepts they are required to learn and the tools to learn about those concepts, such as websites, books and videos. While this approach does little to help student learning and teacher growth, it is helpful to be aware of the approach termed the laissez-faire. Create a bond, make sure the student knows you like them and care about them, but do not like their behavior. What should Mrs. Jones do to curtail this? I will not tolerate any student preventing another student from learning. What works for one set of students may be an utter disaster for a different set, even one of a similar age and intellectual ability. You need to be determined to establish your authority in the classroom at all costs, or you will see a deterioration in student behaviour. Build relationships. LEARNING AND TEACHING ´This student-centered perspective is a hallmark of the CSUDH approach to teaching. This approach can be viewed as a power system, because teachers have the power, and they set the specific rules to give students discipline and correct student behaviors. Few demands are asked from the students and the teacher appears generally uninterested. Teachers should determine what is best for all students and then expect compliance. Stand close to the student while continuing the lesson. Looking at classroom management practices solely as ways to respond to undesirable behavior ignores the potential of alternative strategies that can prevent such behavior. Make them, clean, replace, or repair any damage they have caused. Be accepting of all students, no matter what his or her past behavior was; show that you like the person, not the behavior. Students feel comfortable interrupting the teacher, as long as the question is relevant and insightful. Teachers adopt certain classroom management styles that may display much about both their personality and their personal beliefs on how students should be taught. A teacher who exemplifies the authoritative approach is both warm and nurturing towards the students and expresses a genuine interest in students interests, concerns, and growth in learning. Make learning objectives obtainable for all students. Having the ability to be assertive is key to this method. In the teacher as facilitator approach to learning, very little teacher-centered instruction such as lecture and modeling takes place in the classroom. In 1971, Diana Baumrind suggested that authority can be characterized in terms of two dimensions, involvement and control. Discipline with Dignity, provides an in-depth flexi… Who is she/he to tell me what to do? Ever since football season has started, these three boys have been walking into class late as a group after practice, and have been being loud and boisterous upon entering. In the meantime, Mrs. Jones should reinforce his past successes, offer praise for good work done. Hall passes and excused absences are rarely, if ever, granted. Recognize and support students when they behave appropriately. This method requires that the teacher use an attitude of cooperation and a "take-charge" assertive attitude to elicit that cooperation from students. Instructors typically exhibit classroom management styles that fit into one of four categories. Build students' confidence by focusing on improvement for all students. With this style, students might have assigned seats the entire term, as this builds stability and continuity. When classroom management approaches are effectively implemented, teachers minimise students behaviours that could make the learning difficult while teachers also maximise students’ behaviours that could facilitate or enhance effective learning. 2  Many teachers find that vigorously implementing proactive approaches reduces the need for reactive approaches. Like assertive discipline, it proposes to use the cooperation of students to achieve good behavior in the classroom. Distract the student by asking a direct question. Classroom management approaches • Authoritarian • Behavior modification • Group process or socio- psychological • Instructional management • Socio-cultural Theories & models • Building foundation • Assertive tactics • Democratic teaching • Instructional management • Congruent communication 3. 1. And these hold true no matter how you are teaching: in person, online, or in a hybrid model. The main axiom of this method is that no student should ever prevent a teacher from teaching or keep another student from learning, period. Communication skills are able to flourish as the environment of this type of classroom allows for verbal practice and real world interaction. It is the most popular classroom management method because of its simplicity and effectiveness. Teachers who have adopted this method say it is easy to use and implement. It puts the teacher in charge and makes him or her "the boss" of the classroom. There needs to be mutual, equal respect for all students in the class. 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